5 Basic Commands to Teach Your Dog

5 Basic Commands to Teach Your Dog

Dogs are smart, and how smart they mainly depend on their breed and how much training they receive. However, no matter how smart they are, they’re still not fully aware of their surrounding environment. There are times when they can get involved in dangerous situations such as traffic or poisonous snakes

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This is one of the most useful and easiest commands to teach your dog, especially a large one. You use this to stop him from jumping all over you and others. To teach this command, you’ll need a treat.

Stand in front of your dog while holding the treat above his nose.

• Move the hand holding the treat further up his head to make him follow causing him to sit down.

• Say “sit” as he sits down, give him the treat and show affection.

• Release him with the “OK” command.

Keep practicing this command every day.


Your dog will have to master the “sit” command to learn this “stay” command. You’ll need a treat. It’ll take a while for your dog to master it, especially a high-energy one as it’s a self-control exercise.

• Command him to sit.
• Show him the treat by opening your hand while saying “stay.”
• Step back. If he stays, even just for a few second, give him the treat and show affection.
• As he gets used to it, increase the number of steps you take gradually.


This is one of the most important commands you should teach your dog to protect him harming others as well as being harmed. You can use this “come” command to bring him back if you ever leave the door open or lose your grip on his leash. To teach your dog this command, you’re going to need a treat, a collar, and a leash:

Lower down to his level and make eye contact with him.

• Show him the treat, pull on his leash gently and say “come.”

• Once he gets to you, give him the treat and show affection.

You can remove the leash once he’s mastered with it.


“Down” is a submissive posture so it can be one of the most difficult commands to teach your dog. This command is very useful, especially when your dog is anxious or scared. To teach your dog this command, you need to keep your training relaxed and positive. You’re going to need a good smelling treat.

Hold the treat in your closed fist, up to his nose.

• Move the treat down to the floor to make him follow.

• To make his body follow his head, slide the treat along the floor.

• Say “down” as he gets into the position. Give him the reward and show affection.

Practice this command every day. Don’t force him into the down position, encourage him to do right instead. If he lunges toward the treat or tries to get up, use the take the treat away and say “No.”

Leave it

Your dog can get very curious of his surroundings, so this is a useful command to keep your dog away from any potential harm. The idea of this “leave it” command is to teach your dog that he’s going to get something even better if he ignores that particular item. You’ll need a good smelling treat.

Keep the treat in your enclosed fists.

• Show him your fists and say “leave it.”

• Ignore if he tries to get it, barks, paws, mouths, sniffs, and licks.

• Give him the reward from your other fist if he stops trying, moves away, and looks up at you.

• Say “leaves it” as he moves away from your first hand.

Once your dog gives makes eye contact with you as he moves away from the first fist when he hears the “leave it” command, move on to an another level. This time, hold a different treat in each hand; one is an ordinary treat while the other is his favourite.

• Put the ordinary treat on the ground and use your hand to cover it. Say “leave it.”

• Once he ignores the treat and makes eye contact, remove it and give him his favourite treat and show affection.

• Place the ordinary treat on the floor but this time, hover your hand over it instead of covering it completely. Gradually increase the distance between your hand and the floor till its 6 inches above.

• Once he gets that, practice with you standing up. Use your foot to cover the treat if he tries to snatch the ordinary treat.

Final thought

Obedience training can take a while to master, don’t rush it or take it up a notch when he’s not ready. These five commands will help you communicate better with him and keep him away from danger. Therefore, you should put effort into it.

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